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Hypatia of Alexandria

Science, engineering and mathematics have always been male dominated fields. Regardless of the many obstacles that women face to enter such fields, mathematical theory owes much to female mathematicians throughout time! Starting with Hypatia in the fifth century AD.

Hypatia was one of the first female mathematicians in history, who excelled in philosophy, science and mathematics. Her father Theon of Alexandria was also a famous philosopher and mathematician. Hypatia invented the hydrometer  and developed several mathematical works together with her father.

Maria Agnesi

Italian-born Maria Agnesi (1718 – 1799) also made major contributions to mathematics, and in calculus specifically. She is credited with writing the first book on differential and integral calculus. According to most experts, Agnesi was the first important woman mathematician after Hypatia.

Sophie Germain

Some women, such as French Sophie Germain (1776 – 1831), even pretended to be a man so that their work would be taken seriously! It is ridiculous how damaging the oppression of women can be – as it stifles half of a world’s intellectual power.

Read more:

Female Mathematicians and Their Contributions

Math’s Hidden Woman